The general bone marrow grafting procedure, which is the standard one all over the world, revolves around administration of chemotherapy for the destruction of damaged marrow cells along with the cells which are cancerous.
Inherent demands of high technical skills
This process, though, gets rid of the cancer cells, makes a void where the healthy stem cells are being transplanted. This operational procedure is quite tough and demands high levels of precision from the part of the doctors in question and the institution where the operation is being performed. The overall rapid advancements made in the patient monitoring machinery, the abundance of skilled doctors and the overall improvement of modern medical sciences have paved the path for a high tech transplantation programme.
General side effects associated with an operational procedure
The operation is life-saving. However, the very extreme nature of operational measures makes for a plethora of side effects for the patients in the short as well as the long run. Fatigue is a very common one, with the addition of extreme nausea and radical changes to the skin contour. Alongside these, the patient might also feel issues with lowered immunity and changed sleep patterns. Most of these issues are caused by the chemotherapy administered by the concerned oncologist.
Importance of engraftment and associated treatment
The most important phase of this complex therapy is the engraftment phase. This is where the stem cells transplanted into the patient’s body grow and develop into healthy bone marrow cells which would later on, produce healthy blood cells. The Bone Marrow Transplant in India treatment and subsequent recovery is often a bit difficult due to the damage the chemotherapy and the transplantation causes to the patient’s body. Incessant care from the part of the concerned doctor. The associated nurses is very essential to make for a speedy recovery.
Mode of recovery and medication associated
The recovery is also quite diverse when it comes to bone marrow transplantation procedures. We generally talk about the short and the long term recovery to broadly classify the process. Three to four months are require as a minimum to make a speedy short term recovery. Which is vital for the patient. In this phase, constant blood infusions are need to make sure that the deficiency of blood in the body is take care of. In addition, immune system suppressant medications are a standard during these times.
Nature of medication allotment and subsequent monitoring
These medicines ensure that the immune system inside the patient’s body does not interfere or fight against the foreign stem cells grafted in the bone marrow. These medicines ensure that the establishment of the foreign cells take place smoothly without any major issues internally. This however poses a series of other associated problems too. Due to the depress immunity, the patient is directly expose to other forms of life threatening infections. Therefore, constant monitoring of the patient’s overall health is of utmost importance during these times. At the very onset of any issues, the transplant team should be duly notified. Incremental actions should take immediately for ensuring best possible treatment for the patient.